Faulty Exhaust Particulate Matter Sensor
Exhaust Particulate Matter Sensor harness is open or shorted
Exhaust Particulate Matter Sensor circuit poor electrical connection
Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light)
The Particulate Matter (PM) sensor monitors the amount of the particulates (soot) in the diesel exhaust gas exiting the tailpipe. The PM sensor is similar to the heated oxygen sensor with a ceramic element, but also includes an individually calibrated Sensor Control Unit (SCU). The sensing element includes comb-shaped Interdigital Electrodes (IDE), a heater, and a positive temperature coefficient resistor for temperature measurement.
The operation of the PM Sensor is based on the electrical conductivity characteristic of the diesel particulate. As the exhaust gas flows over the sensing element, soot is absorbed in the combs between the electrodes, eventually creating a conductive path. When the path is formed, it generates a current based on the voltage being applied to the element. The measurement process continues until a preset current value is reached. To avoid misleading readings, the sensor performs a regeneration where the soot is cleaned off by heating up the element before the measurement phase begins. The amount of regenerations is based on vehicle strategy; when the calibrated number of regenerations is reached, the cumulative current readings are used to determine the amount of soot concentration in the exhaust gas which in turn determines the collection efficiency of the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF). The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) when the Particular Matter Sensor Control Unit detects an internal electrical fault or an over-temperature condition on one of the internal temperature sensors.